Funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant number R01AA014750, this R01 grant, extended the observation period of a cohort of first-time driving while impaired (DWI) offenders to 15 years. Subjects were first observed when they were court-mandated to undergo screening. For this project, we are located and interviewed over 1000 of these subjects to measure the progression of alcohol use and other psychiatric disorders; determine long-term rates of driving outcomes; and evaluate two alternative theoretical models in predicting long-term, drinking/driving and traffic outcomes.
Lapham, S., England-Kennedy, E. (2012). Convicted driving-while-impaired offenders' views on effectiveness of sanctions and treatment. Qualitative Health Research, 22 (1) 17-30. DOI: 10.1177/1049732311406450 PMCID: PMC3137706 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3137706/
Lapham, S. C. (2010). The limits of tolerance: Convicted alcohol-impaired drivers share experiences driving under the influence. The Permanente Journal, 14 (2) 26-30. DOI: 10.7812/tpp/09-145 PMCID: PMC2912088 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2912088/
Lapham, S. C., Skipper, B. J. (2010). Does screening classification predict long-term outcomes of DWI offenders?. American Journal of Health Behavior, 34 (6) 737-49. DOI: 10.5993/ajhb.34.6.9 PMCID: PMC2924758 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2924758/
Lapham, S. C., Stout, R., Laxton, G., Skipper, B. J. (2011). Persistence of addictive disorders in a first-offender driving while impaired population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68 (11) 1151-7. DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.78 PMCID: PMC3210885 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3210885/